Forming on principles of Nano Art

UDC 7.067.3
Publication date: 03.06.2021
International Journal of Professional Science №6-2021

Forming on principles of Nano Art

Mishina Oksana Yuryevna
Scientific adviser: Belgorodsky Valery Savelyevich

1. Second year postgraduate student
Federal State Budgeting Educational Organization of Higher Education the Rostov State University named after A.N. Kosygin (Technologies. Design. Art)
2. professor, doctor of sociological sciences
Abstract: In the article, the author examines the issue of the formation of the principles of nano-art.
Keywords: art, Nano Art

Modern society is undergoing changes in many spheres of life, which are associated with many indicators. First of all, this is the darting rhythm of life in megacities. The second indicator is the conditions of the pandemic, which not only made adjustments to everyday life, but radically changed it, transforming the values of the individual and, accordingly, the culture as a whole, which is the third indicator, thereby reviving research on the role of the vision, sign and symbol in the modern world.

In the conditions of the pandemic and self-isolation, the inhabitants of the megacity began to pay more and more attention to the environment, not only for rest, but also for work and even at home, which became one of the determinative factors, first of all, internal balance. When people were forced to work remotely without leaving home, and in general, leaving home became a certain holiday, and this holiday was in the most extreme cases, when there was an urgent need, for example to go to the grocery store. And there is again a question about the zoning of premises, and the setting of certain boundaries, both internal and external. The All-Russian Public Opinion Research Center’s researches[1] showed the value orientations of the megacity citizens were significantly transformed during this period and this leads to changes in fashion trends in design related to all spheres of life, both environmental objects: residential premises, offices, places for leisure and recreation, and in costume and accessories. At present the megacity’s customer needs to determine “unity with nature”, and the same time to stay at home to work in time, to execute home duties and, of course, to have a rest. Now all these functions are assigned to one facility, and this facility is not always a big size.  In this difficult time bionic principles will help to create a demanded product or service that will meet all the needs of the individual and the fashion trends of “nature”.

The basis of such a study can be any object related to nature, whether it is sea waves, shells, stones or rocks, water drops, a rainbow, an animal, trees, bushes, flowers or one of its images, for example, neural connections of the brain or nervous system, etc.

Speaking about the origins and analogues of pre-project analysis for creating a conceptual project taking into account all the newly emerged needs of the individual, we can refer to the drawings of the founder of modern neuroscience, artist, histologist, anatomist, Nobel Prize winner Santiago Ramon y Cajale. His first serious scientific work was in 1880, “Experimental studies of the development of inflammation, especially the migration of leukocytes”, it is surprising that at that time there were difficulties with microscopes and for further research, the author drew everything by hand that he saw under magnification power. (picture.1). On the picture is on the left: section of the cerebellar cortex of a pigeon (1899): Purkinje’s cell (А) and granule cell(B). On the right  – Cellular architecture of the retina (1911), neuron layer: photoreceptors, bipolar and horizontal cells (middle layer), amacrine and ganglion cells that generate action potentials that are transmitted to the brain via the optic nerve. [2]

Picture 1. Sketches of the results of the neurons study, performed by Ramon-y-Cahal.3

Taking into account the technologies of modern times, we can say that he is the founder of such art form as Nano Art. Nano Art has been separated into a separate art form relatively recently. Only in 2006, the first Annual International Online Festival of Nano Art was established, where 72 works by 22 artists were presented. And in 2008, there were already 121 works from 37 creators[3]. The main founder of this art direction is considered to be Cristian Orfescu, a Romanian artist and physicist living in the USA (California). He works at Caleb Technology and is engaged, in general, in the research of new nanomaterials for batteries, capacitors. K. Orfescu defines Nano Art as “a new artistic discipline at the intersection of art, science and technology. It presents Nano lanscapes (molecular and atomic landscapes, which are natural structures of matter at the molecular and atomic levels) and Nano sculptures (structures created by scientists and artists by manipulating matter at the molecular level). and atomic scales using chemical and physical processes). These structures are visualized using powerful research tools such as scanning electron microscopes and atomic force microscopes, and their scientific images are captured and processed using various artistic techniques to transform them into works of art displayed to a wide audience” [4]

All these mechanisms and developments of nanotechnologies can be used for formation the exhibition environment, as well as in various spheres of consumption and fashion industry, industrial design, for example, electric vehicles, or for creating new works of art and for renewable and restoring old masterpieces.

The physicist is the founder of this direction, but not the only creator. Italians Alessandro Scali[5] and Robin Hood[6], Grit Ruhland[7], from Germany, Stephen Pollard[8] David Derr[9], Teresa Mayerus[10], Renata Spiazzi[11], Moscow artist Alexey Derzhavin[12], and many others are working in this direction. The works of these authors can serve not only as a source of inspiration, but also as the basis of any project (pic.2-3).


Picture 2. Left: Steven Pollard «GLuminocityL». Usual photo combining with set of nano layers[13]. Right:David Derr «Echo». In a base macro photo of peacock feather, nano crystals is laid above picture, total 9 layers on the picture, are made of in Adobe Photoshop[14].


Picture 3. Left: Teresa Majerus «Science eye». While researches it had been  During the research, a picture of the “nanoflower” was obtained, which later turned into a picture on canvas that reflects the view of a scientist studying the nano world[15]. Right: Renata Spiazzi «Nano depths». The work is based on overlapping fractals overlay[16].

To create conceptual objects in the pre-project analysis, after sources of inspiration, it is necessary to study already existing projects from different fields. So we can note the Complex Galaxy SOHO from the field of architecture, had built according to the project of Zaha Hadid, the first name was « Chaoyangmen SOHO» Zaha Hadid Architects. This is the first object built according to the project of this architect in China, made in ARCHICAD[17]. Speaking of objects that refer us to history, we can recall the church of Blessed Mary Restituta in Brno, where the architects of Atelier Stepan created a clerestory of multicolored windows, reminiscent of the rainbow as a symbol of the covenant of man with God[18]. In another religion, there is a building in the Sydney suburb of Punchbowl designed by Candalepas Associates. The mosque was built by order of the Australian Islamic Mission (AIM)[19].

Considering analogs from various spheres, it is worth paying attention to residential objects. A lot has changed in the context of the pandemic and it is necessary to consider the objects of Pitsou Kedem Architects reconstructing a 300-year-old house in Israel[20]. All the architectural features of that time were carefully restored and served as the basis of the interiors, but not in a museum way, but rather emphasizing the aesthetics of that ancient apartments. The project is a good example of bionic principles, constructivism is certainly present, but not in the usual form, it is present only in forms that are made of natural kurkar stone and local sandstone of natural colors, connecting the interior with the delightful palette of the port located nearby. The minimalism of the objects in the interiors creates a soothing atmosphere, and does not distract from the unity of nature. In the color palette, muted shades of white, beige and gray shades help to emphasize the architectural heritage and the legendary history of the building, at the same time, modern furniture retains its rigor and makes you rethink the centuries-old architecture.

In addition to residential premises, it is worth paying attention to the organization of public space. In such projects, it is important to zone correctly the space as a commercial space and kitchen workshops. One of the most successful projects in this industry was created by KLD designers in Dublin. The Cinnamon restaurant is conceptual, strict, but at the same time calm. The designers achieved this diversity by dividing the entire space into three zones[21].

Today, design carries the function not only of zoning space and reflecting “oneself” in the modern world, but also the function of perceiving the world as a whole. This includes the social side and its role in improving society. This factor is noted by Jukka Savolainen, director of the Design Museum in Helsinki[22], as well as the editors and authors of the Interior+design magazine write about the obsolescence of constructivism and the predominance of bionics, more precisely, “the revival of coral reefs to catering scenarios”[23], where we are talking about energy-efficient and sustainable design. Paola Antonelli, curator of the Broken Nature exhibition, speaking about the design that saves the planet, says “There is no need to sacrifice the beauty of forms, pleasure, humor, comfort”25[24] it is necessary to combine all these important elements in life and design, allocating resources environmentally rationally at the production stage, since today uniqueness is in immersiveness, and sustainability is in re-production.

Thus, the main design concept today is developing around a culture and, of course, a lifestyle based on health and sustainability, offering consumers a healthy, environmentally friendly design object. As an inspiration for the design in general, it is necessary to choose organic forms borrowed from nature itself, avoiding any rectangular shapes or sharp edges. All elements in the projects, as well as functional parts, such as food display cases, shelves for trays, benches and tables, must be combined into common objects of organic form, which will be designed, planned and manufactured individually for the needs of a person.

To add sophistication to an organic design idea, it is necessary to analyze analogs and sources of inspiration, after which it is worth creating a story of

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[14] Same (as above)

[15] Same (as above)

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