The current situation of the Ulaanbaatar Railway track distance service system

UDC 69
Publication date: 04.05.2024
International Journal of Professional Science №5-2-2024

The current situation of the Ulaanbaatar Railway track distance service system

Altansukh Tuulsaikhan,
Jamsran Ganchimeg

1. Joint Stock Company "Ulaanbaatar Railway", 6th track, Chief Engineer, Doctoral student
2. Mongolian University of Science and Technology, Graduate School of Business, Doctor (Ph.D), Professor
Abstract: Ulaanbaatar Railway, which operates rail transportation within Mongolia, has more than 16,000 employees. More than 3,100 employees are ready at any time of the day or night to maintain the track facilities, which is the basic structure of the railway, to ensure traffic safety. The organization is responsible for the safe transportation of thousands of lives and property worth billions of tugriks. Most road maintenance and repair work requires a large amount of manual labor, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive, productive and quality-intensive, and the regular work of road workers requires special vigilance in terms of the safety of continuous train service, which poses a very high risk to life and health. Thus, there is an urgent need to make work easier, increase the level of mechanization and improve the organization of labor management. The goal is to determine ways to reduce costs in the road sector, increase the level of mechanization and automation and free workers from dangerous and risky work and determine labor standards and organization of road work.
Keywords: brigade, mechanization, repair, maintenance, service.


Over 80 years of development, the railway transport industry in Mongolia has carried out technical reforms. But depending on the investment, the conditions of the railway do not fully correspond to current requirements.

Today, repair work on the main structure is carried out by a semi-mechanized brigade. The organizational form of these railway track repair jobs is characterized by high labor intensity, low productivity, high workplace risk and high operating costs that must be addressed.

Over the past 5 years, the freight capacity of our country’s railways has increased from 27.68 to 32.25 million tons. However, 766 km of the main railway track needs reconstruction. Therefore, improving the organization of railway track repair work has become an important issue for ensuring train safety and labor safety.

 This article examined the current state of the railway industry, the organization of road repair work and the factors influencing them. The features and indicators of organizing work on repairing railway tracks in foreign countries were also studied.


To solve the problem, a methodology was used to determine the level of mechanization of railway tracks.

Mechanization of production is the replacement of manual labor with machines, which is one of the main directions of introducing scientific and technological progress into production. The gradual introduction of mechanization is an important source of increasing labor productivity, increasing the output of industrial products, and saving labor costs. The level of mechanization of the main production is determined by the level of mechanization of labor SMT, the level of mechanization and automation of the production process Unpp.


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